Today, we started learning the basics about poetry. By the end of this unit, students should be able to:

  • identify and use similes, alliteration, repetition, and rhyming patterns
  • explain why they are effective
  • memorize and present my own poetry
  • write many kinds of poems including:
    • Lists
    • Cinquains
    • Diamante
    • Free verse
    • And others,
  • create vivid images using adjectives and strong verbs
  • read and select poems that are important to me

In class, we took notes on poetry:

  • writing.jpgPoetry is a type of literature, or artistic writing, that attempts to stir a reader’s imagination or emotions.
  • The poet does this by carefully choosing and arranging language for its meaning, sound, and rhythm.
  • Some poems, such as nursery rhymes, are simple and humorous.
  • Most poems are written in lines. A group of lines in a poem is called a stanza. Stanzas separate ideas in a poem.  They act like paragraphs.

There are many things to pay attention to when reading a poem:

  • Title – Provides clues about – topic, mood, speaker, author’s purpose
  • Rhythm – Fast or slow?  Why?
  • Imagery – What pictures do we make in our minds?
  • Mood – Happy, sad, angry, thoughtful, silly, excited, frightened?
  • Voice – Who is speaking – poet or character; one voice or more?
  • Author’s Purpose – Sending a message, sharing feelings, telling a story, being funny, being descriptive?
  • Figures of Speech – What do they tell us about the subject?
  • Plot – What is happening in the poem?

Remember, to make meaning, readers must make connections and tap into their background knowledge and prior experiences as they read.


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